Causes of Infertility and its Treatment

If you and your partner are not being able to have a baby, you’re not alone. Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive despite having frequent, unprotected sex for at least a year. Infertility may be due to an issue with either you or your partner, or a combination of factors that interfere with pregnancy. Luckily, there are several safe and effective therapies that considerably increase your chances of getting pregnant.

Causes of infertility in women include:

  • Age-related issues
  • damaged ovaries
  • blocked fallopian tubes
  • sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia
  • endometriosis
  • hypothyroidism
  • fibroids
  • polycystic ovary syndrome
  • scarring in the uterus
  • anorexia or bulimia
  • congenital diseases
  • frequent changes in weight

Causes of infertility in men include:

  • smoking
  • hormone disturbance
  • cancer medications and radiation therapy
  • STIs
  • mumps after puberty
  • anatomical abnormalities of the genitals
  • some medications, like for high blood pressure and some antidepressants
  • prostate surgery
  • genital injuries
  • varicose veins in the testicles
  • excessive consumption of alcohol
  • spinal cord injury
  • genetic abnormalities
  • UTIs
  • cystic fibrosis
  • diabetes

Treatment and Prevention

It is possible for "infertile" couples to have their problems resolved with a few minute consultations. Like, use of commercial lubricants may kill sperm or reduce sperm motility. Your doctor may guide you regarding the things you are unaware of.

Practice safer sex to prevent infertility as it avoids sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea which can cause infertility.

There are numerous hormone treatments that are used to treat infertility in women. These treatments are available in the form of pills and injections and are usually less expensive than other fertility treatments.

Infertility can also be treated in the operating room. A laparoscopy can predict endometriosis, which may also be treated at the same operation. Fibroids or scarring inside the uterus may also be treated with the help of hysteroscopy. In males, surgery may be done to repair varicose veins in the testes and mechanical problems of ejaculation.

Women, who have suffered repeated miscarriages, may have an immune reaction to the pregnancy itself. Several tests and treatments are available for these problems.

Females can also try In vitro fertilization in which an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro. The procedure includes monitoring and stimulating the female’s ovulatory process, taking out an ovum from woman’s ovaries and allowing sperm fertilize them in a liquid in the laboratory.

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